When does orthopaedic dentistry help?
Prosthetics – one of the most desirable services. Prosthetics is inevitable in case of loss of the tooth where it is significantly impaired by the decay, when it wears or suffers from an injury or illness, and it is not possible to restore by the way of filling.
Prosthetic dental professionals, using dental reconstruction method restore the missing teeth in the mouth and improve the condition of the existing teeth. That’s why doctors orthopaedists are often called mouth architects. Using prosthesis can individual teeth or teeth group can be reconstructed. Both physical and aesthetic characteristics of special dental ceramic mass are similar to healthy tooth tissue, so it looks aesthetically.
Most commonly orthopaedic treatment is the last course of treatment and at the end of it, the patient can enjoy a healthy and beautiful smile.
Orthopaedic dentistry – a reliable and effective treatment that helps to restore missing teeth and to improve the condition of the existing teeth.
Why is it necessary to apply prosthetic in case of tooth loss?
The mouth is the first link in the gastrointestinal tract, and in case of loss of teeth, the food is not completely chewed, it is poorly digested in the stomach and intestines. All of this can be a serious cause of digestive disorders.
The loss of molars over time lowers occlusion. That adversely affects the jaw joint – the pain begins to rage, jaw joint starts crackling. Because of jaw joint strain facial wrinkles form. In addition, because of the loss of molars, face becomes hollow-cheeked.
People, who have lost their front teeth, avoid smiling, even talking, and that leads to psychological problems.
If you want to avoid face-maxillofacial system deformities, restorative treatment is necessary. Failing to replace the lost tooth, the adjacent teeth tilt, and the opposite jaw teeth move towards the empty space. Adverse dental faulting takes place even in the loss of a tooth. So the sooner you start the reconstruction of the teeth, the better.
What measures are used in the modern teeth reconstruction?
There are many different measures. They can be chosen, paying attention to patient’s needs and goals. There are two groups of prosthodontic restorations: fixed and removable.
What is the difference between fixed and removable dental prostheses?
The removable dental prostheses- partial plates, full plates and arc supporting prostheses. There are different: clammer (embracing) with locks, telescopic, metal, Valplast type arc and supporting prosthesis on the implant.
The removable prostheses in the mouth take on a variety of staples that are placed on the support of the remaining teeth in the mouth. Their drawback is that the staples are often seen while smiling. In addition, over time they thaw and the prosthesis in the mouth can begin to move.
That’s why more often arc supportive prostheses with locks are recommended. They are more comfortable and reliable because in place of staples are used special invisible locks. With this prosthesis patient can smile with confidence, eat and talk. The prostheses are aesthetic dentures, and other people can not notice that you are wearing prostheses.
The removable prostheses in modern dentistry are used less and less. But they are necessary when because of harsh injuries fixed prostheses can’t be used. Most often the removable prostheses are used as a temporary measure till the bone successfully grows round the implant and roots into the jaw or till the fixed prostheses are produced.
There are different kinds of fixed prostheses: onlays, crowns (crown), metal-free ceramic or metal implants, veneers (vestibular plates).
Onlays are used when a patient has lost more than 50 percent of the tooth tissues. Onlay lasts longer than a composite filling. In addition, it provides a more reliable support. Onlay allows restoring damaged teeth very accurately, without micro spaces that may develop decay. Onlays can be made of ceramic, precious metal or composite.
Dental crowns are affixed on own polished tooth or on implant prosthetic support. In case of loss of one or more adjacent teeth, in order to restore them at least two teeth, limiting defect, are polished and a prosthetic bridge (bridge) is produced. So the former dental function is restored, and biting becomes more efficient. Crowns and bridges are made of metal-ceramic (porcelain on a metal frame), all-ceramic (porcelain or glass ceramic zirconium oxide on the frame), or composite.
Reconstructing of the anterior teeth, when the filling is not enough to provide good aesthetics and strength, laminates – ceramic plates are used to cover plane surface of the front teeth. They are made of glass or ceramic composite.
How does the ceramic prosthesis design is different from the metal?
Ceramics is the latest and best meeting the aesthetic criteria used in orthopedic dentistry material. Its certain characteristics transcend metal ceramics. Metal-free ceramic is permeable to light; its physical properties are close to the properties of the natural tooth. The metal prosthesis design is not permeable to light. Using this design, the gums may look darker. Front teeth for all-ceramic prosthetic. It is advisable to use metal – free ceramics for the front teeth prostheses.
What is special about “Valplast” type of prosthesis?
“Valplast system – is a completely new way of partial denture production from soft plastic nylon thermoplastic. This unique combination helps to create a flexible and comfortable denture. Valpast type prostheses are aesthetic, comfortable, and lightweight. You can be assured that no one suspects that you wear dentures.
Does the patient need after insertion of the prosthesis to visit the dentist?
After insertion of the prosthesis, the patient must visit his/her dentist after two, then after six months. During visits doctor dentist inserts into the dental prosthesis the additional plastic layer that distributes an even workload to supporting teeth. Otherwise overloaded supporting teeth can fall out. In addition, because of overloading they can hurt and can begin to move. Eventually mucous membrane gets used to the load. Yet, despite this, patients wearing dentures with locks at least once a year should visit prophylactically the doctor, who inserted dentures.
What signs show that time has come to check and may be to change the prosthesis?
If the prosthesis falls out when you talk or life, it is time to visit doctor orthopaedist.
The other signs are sore and painful oral mucous membrane, thinned lips, the lip corners going down, disturbed or heavy chewing, aged face, wrinkles around the mouth, and not clear pronunciation of sounds, whistling, crackling, not clear head, neck, or air pains.
How long does it take to produce prosthesis in the laboratory?
The length of production depends upon the complexity of the prosthesis. The doctors of OZO esthetical dentistry and implantology clinics aim, that patients could enjoy nice smile as soon as possible. That’s why usually the production of the prosthesis lasts no longer than 7 working days.
How to choose the best orthopaedic treatment method?
The most appropriate method of treatment dentist chooses, taking in account the patient’s oral health, preferences, habits, previous restorations, financial opportunities.
OZO Aesthetic Dentistry and Implantology Clinic orthodontists use the most modern technologies and the most reliable, tailored to each patient ways of treatment.
Do not forget that it is easier to maintain healthy teeth than to reconstruct them in case of their decay or loss. And the best preventive measure against all teeth diseases – perfect dental care.